DIABETES AND BREAST FEEDING –NATURAL REGULATOR OF SUGARS
Diabetes is not a disease but a disorder which affects nearly 50 million people in our country. This number indicates averages that are diagnosed with different types. Yet, there would be evident half, who is pre-diabetic.
In the recent years this form of diabetes is exponentially increasing in pregnancy called “GESTATIONAL DIABETES”.
GESTATIONAL DIABETES MECHANISM:
· In pregnancy, the placenta produces hormones that facilitate the baby’s growth and development. Hormone produced has a huge impact of blocking sugar regulator called insulin .This is called Insulin Resistance.
· Because of this hormonal resistance, the requirement for the hormone in pregnancy is found to be increasing two to three times higher than the normal ratio.
· If the mother is found to be having hormonal resistance then the body may not be able to cope up with the additional demands during pregnancy leading to high sugar levels and thus disorder is diagnosed.
· Post delivery of the baby, blood sugar levels usually returns to the pre pregnancy levels therefore the hormonal resistance diabetes. However in later stages of life, their chances of developing this hormonal resistance high level sugar disorder(TYPE 2 DIABETES) depending on the risk factors exposed.
BREAST FEEDING IMPACT ON DIABETES:
§ Breast feeding helps Mothers to reduce risk factors of being obese. Obesity which is a common risk factor for type 2 diabetes, Heart diseases is combated by mothers who feed their babies.
§ Risk percentage of developing hormonal resistance high level sugar disorder was four times reduced (from 86% to 40%).
§ In most cases, levels come back close to pre-pregnancy levels presently, after delivery. Due to sudden removal of hormone resistance mothers may experience a very low sugar levels for 24-48 hours after delivery.
§ Fat Stores are utilized in the production of milk; this utilizes energy an average of 200 kilocalories which is spent each time .Breast feeding also promotes weight loss.
§ Medications which may be used to lower hormone resistance used in maternity will be reduced as a result of breast feeding.